Practice Advisory for Preanesthesia Evaluation:  Bibliography

American Society of Anesthesiologists


1.              Adam DJ, Ludlam CA, Vaughan C, Ruckley ChM, Bradbury AW: Coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients undergoing operation for ruptured and nonruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. J Vasc Surg 30:641-650, 1999

2.              Adams JG, Weigelt JA, Poulos E: Usefulness of preoperative laboratory assessment of patients undergoing elective herniorrhaphy. Arch Surg 127:801-805, 1992

3.              Aghajanian A, Grimes DA: Routine prothrombin time determination before elective gynecologic operations. Obstet Gynecol 78:837-839, 1991

4.              Akin BV, Hubbell FA, Frye EB, Rucker L, Friis R: Efficacy of the routine admission urinalysis. Am J Med 82:719-722, 1987

5.              Anonymous: Preoperative chest radiology. National study by the Royal College of Radiologists. Lancet 2:83-86, 1979

6.              Appleberg M, Gordon I, Fatti LP: Preoperative pulmonary evaluation of surgical patients using the vitalograph. Br J Surg 61:57-59, 1974

7.              Arellano R, Cruise C, Chung F: Timing of the anesthetist's preoperative outpatient interview. Anesth Analg 68:645-648, 1989

8.              Azzam FJ, Gurpreet SP, DeBoard JW, Krock JL, Kolterman SM: Preoperative pregnancy testing in adolescents. Anesth Analg 82:4-7, 1996

9.              Ballal RS, Kapadia S, Secknus MA, Rubin D, Arheart K, Marwick TH. Prognosis of patients with vascular disease after clinical evaluation and dobutamine stress echocardiography. Am Heart J 137:469-475, 1999

10.           Bando K, Sun K, Binford RS, Sharp TG: Determinants of longer duration of endotracheal intubation after adult cardiac operations. Ann Thorac Surg 63:1026-1033, 1997

11.           Barisione G, Rovida S, Gazzaniga GM, Fontana, L: Upper abdominal surgery: does a lung function test exist to predict early severe postoperative respiratory complications? Eur Respir J 10:1301-1308, 1997

12.           Baron MJ, Gunter J, White P: Is the pediatric preoperative heamatocrit determination necessary. South Med J 85:1187-1189, 1992

13.           Baxter MA: Acromegaly and transsphenoidal hypophysectomy: a case report. Aana J 62:182-185, 1994

14.           Belani KG, Krivit W, Carpenter BL, Braunlin E, Buckley JJ, Liao JC, Floyd T, Leonard AS, Summers CG: Children with mucopolysaccharidosis: perioperative care, morbidity, mortality, and new findings. J Pediat Surg  28:403-8; 1993

15.           Bhuripanyo K, Prasertchuang C, Chamadol N, Laopaiboon M, Bhuripanyo P: The impact of routine preoperative chest X ray in Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen. J Med Assoc Thai 73:21-28, 1990

16.           Bhuripanyo K, Prasertchuang C, Viwathanatepa M, Khumsuk K, Sornpanya N: The impact of routine preoperative electrocardiogram in patients age > 40 years in Srinagarind Hospital. J Med Assoc Thai 75:399-406, 1992

17.           Biavati M, Manning SC, Phillips DL: Predictive factors for respiratory complications after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 123:517-521, 1997

18.           Bissonnette B, Sullivan PJ: Pyloric stenosis. Can J Anaesth 38:668-676, 1991

19.           Blake DW, McGrath BP, Donnan GB, Smart S, Way D, Myers KA, Fullerton M: Influence of cardiac failure on atrial natriuretic peptide responses in patients undergoing vascular surgery. European J Anaesth 8:365-371, 1991

20.           Boghosian SG, Mooradian AD: Usefulness of routine preoperative chest roentgenograms in elderly patients. J Am Geriatr Soc 35:142-146, 1987

21.           Bolger, WE, Parsons DS, Potempa L: Preoperative hemostatic assessment of the adenotonsillectomy patient. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 103:396-405, 1990

22.           Bouillot JL, Fingerhut A, Paquet JC, Hay JM, Coggia M: Are routine preoperative chest radiographs useful in general surgery? A prospective, multicentre study in 3959 patients. Eur J Surg 162:597-604, 1996

23.           Boysen PG, Clark CA, Block AJ: Graded exercise testing and postthoracotomy complications. J Cardiothorac Anesth 4:68-72, 1990

24.           Brooks-Brunn JA: Predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications following abdominal surgery. Chest 111:564-571, 1997

25.           Brummett C, Reves JG, Lell WA, Smith LR: Patient care problems in patients undergoing reoperation for coronary artery grafting surgery. Can Anaesth Soc J  31:213-220, 1984

26.           Bruton NH, Maree SM: A case approach: the pathophysiology of thyroid storm. Aana J 51:295-301, 303, 1983

27.           Burgos LG, Ebert TJ, Asiddao C, Turner LA, Pattison CZ, Wang Cheng R, Kampine JP: Increased intraoperative cardiovascular morbidity in diabetics with autonomic neuropathy. Anesthesiology 70:591-597, 1989

28.           Burk CD, Miller L, Handler SD, Cohen AR: Preoperative history and coagulation screening in children undergoing tonsillectomy. Pediatrics 89:691-695, 1992

29.           Burman AL: A pre-anaesthetic clinic. S Afr Med J 42:315-317, 1968

30.           Burrows FA, Hickey PR, Colan S: Perioperative complications in patients with anthracycline chemotherapeutic agents. Can Anaesth Soc J  32:149-157, 1985

31.           Callaghan LC, Edwards ND, Reilly CS: Utilisation of the pre-operative ECG. Anaesthesia 50:488-490, 1995

32.           Calverley RK, Johnston AE: The anaesthetic management of tracheo-oesophageal fistula: a review of ten years' experience. Can Anaesth Soc J  19:270-282, 1972

33.           Carliner NH, Fisher ML, Plotnick GD, Garbart H, Rapoport A, Kelemen MH, Moran GW, Gadacz T, Peters RW: Routine preoperative exercise testing in patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Am J Cardiol 56:51-58, 1985

34.           Carson JM, Van Sickels JE: Preoperative determination of susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 40:432-435, 1982

35.           Catchlove BR, Wilson RM, Spring S, Hall J: Routine investigations in elective surgical patients. Their use and cost effectiveness in a teaching hospital. Med J Aust 2:107-110, 1979

36.           Chan VW, Tindal S: Anaesthesia for transsphenoidal surgery in a patient with extreme gigantism. Br J Anaesth  60:464-468, 1988

37.           Charlson ME, MacKenzie CR, Gold JP, Ales KL, Shires GT: Postoperative renal dysfunction can be predicted. Surgery, Gynecol Obstet 169:303-309, 1989

38.           Charpak Y, Blery C, Chastang C, Szatan M, Fourgeaux B: Prospective assessment of a protocol for selective ordering of preoperative chest x-rays. Can J Anaesth 35:259-264, 1988

39.           Cherng YG, Chao A, Shih RL, Lin CS, Chan WH, Huang CH, Tsai SK: Preoperative evaluation and postoperative prediction of hemostatic function with thromboelastography in patients undergoing redo cardiac surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Sin 36:179-186, 1998

40.           Chiolero R, Borgeat A, Fisher A: Postoperative arrhythmias and risk factors after open heart surgery. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 39:81-84, 1991

41.           Christakis GT, Weisel RD, Fremes SE, Ivanov J, David TE, Goldman BS, Salerno TA: Coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with poor ventricular function. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 103:1083-1091, 1992

42.           Chung F, Crago RR: Sleep apnoea syndrome and anaesthesia. Can Anaesth Soc J 29:439-445, 1982

43.           Clark SK, Leighton BL, Seltzer JL: A risk-specific anesthesia consent form may hinder the informed consent process. J Clin Anesth 3:11-13, 1991

44.           Clarke Pearson DL, DeLong ER, Synan IS, Coleman RE, Creasman WT: Variables associated with postoperative deep venous thrombosis: a prospective study of 411 gynecology patients and creation of a prognostic model. Obstet Gynecol 69:146-150, 1987

45.           Close HL, Kryzer TC, Nowlin JH, Alving BM: Hemostatic assessment of patients before tonsillectomy: a prospective study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 111:733-738, 1994

46.           Cofrancesco E, Cortellaro M, Corradi A, Ravasi F, Bertocchi F: Coagulation activation markers in the prediction of venous thrombosis after elective hip surgery. Thromb Haemost 77:267-269, 1997

47.           Cohen MM, Cameron CB: Should you cancel the operation when a child has an upper respiratory tract infection? Anesth Analg 72:282-288, 1991

48.           Cohen MM, Duncan PG: Physical status score and trends in anesthetic complications. J Clin Epidemiol 41:83-90, 1988

49.           Cole RR, Cotton RT: Preventing postoperative complications in the adult cystic fibrosis patient. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol  18:263-269, 1990

50.           Coriat P, Harari A, Daloz M, Viars P: Clinical predictors of intraoperative myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Acta Anaesth Scand 26:287-290, 1982

51.           Corradi A, Lazzaro F, Cofrancesco E, Cortellaro M, Ravasi F, Bertocchi F: Preoperative plasma levels of prothrombin fragment 1+2 correlate with the risk of venous thrombosis after elective hip replacement. Acta Orthop Belg 65:39-43, 1999

52.           Cullen DJ, Apolone G, Greenfield S, Guadagnoli E, Cleary P: ASA Physical Status and age predict morbidity after three surgical procedures. Ann Surg 220:3-9, 1994

53.           D'Angelo AJ, Puppala D, Farber A, Murphy AE, Fause GR, Cohen JR: Is preoperative cardiac evaluation for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair necessary? J Vasc Surg 25:152-156, 1997

54.           Despotis GJ, Filow KS, Zoys TN, Hogue CW, Spitznagel E, Lappas DG: Factors associated with excessive postoperative blood loss and hemostatic transfusion requirements: a multivariate analysis in cardiac surgical patients. Anesth Analg 82:13-21, 1996

55.           Diamond GA, Forrester JS: Analysis of probability as an aid in the clinical diagnosis  of coronary-artery disease. NEJM 300:1350-1358, 1979

56.           Diaz JH: Halothane anesthesia in infancy: identification and correlation of preoperative risk factors with intraoperative arterial hypotension and postoperative recovery. J Pediat Surg 20:502-507, 1985

57.           Dorman BH, Spinale FG, Bailey MK, Kratz JM, Roy RC: Identification of patients at risk for excessive blood loss during coronary artery bypass surgery: thromboelastography versus coagulation screen. Anesth Analg 76:694-700, 1993

58.           Dorrington KL: Asystole with convulsion following a subanesthetic dose of propofol plus fentanyl. Anaesthesia 44:658-659, 1989

59.           Dripps RD, Lamont A, Eckenhoff JE: The role of anesthesia in surgical mortality. JAMA 178:261-266, 1961

60.           Dudley JC, Brandenburg JA, Hartley LH, Harris S, Lee TH: Last-minute preoperative cardiology consultations: epidemiology and impact. Am Heart J 131:245-249, 1996

61.           Duncan PG, Cohen MM, Tweed WA, Biehl D, Pope WD, Merchant RN, DeBoer D: The Canadian four-centre study of anaesthetic outcomes: III. Are anaesthetic complications predictable in day surgical practice? Can J Anaesth 39:440-448, 1992

62.           Duncan PG, Cohen MM: Postoperative complications: factors of significance to anaesthetic practice. Can J Anaesth 34:2-8, 1987

63.           Durand M, Combes P, Eisele JH, Contet A, Blin D, Girardet P: Pulmonary function tests predict outcome after cardiac surgery. Acta Anaesth Belg 44:17-23, 1993

64.           Eikenbary KF: Pyloric stenosis: its anesthetic management and a case study. AANA J  46:517-521, 1978

65.           Eisenberg JM, Clarke JR, Sussman SA: Prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times as preoperative screening tests. Arch Surg 117:48-51, 1982

66.           Eisenberg JM, Goldfarb S: Clinical usefulness of measuring prothrombin time as a routine admission test. Clin Chem 22:1644-1647, 1976

67.           Erban SB, Kinman JL, Schwartz S: Routine use of the prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times. JAMA 262:2428-2432, 1989

68.           Ereth MH, Nuttall GA, Klindworth JT, MacVeigh I, Santrach PJ, Orszulak TA, Harmsen WS, Oliver WC, Jr: Does the platelet-activated clotting test (HemoSTATUS) predict blood loss and platelet dysfunction associated with cardiopulmonary bypass? Anesth Analg 85:259-264, 1997

69.           Erickson CA, Carballo RE, Freischlag JA, Seabrook GR, Farooq MM, Cambria RA, Towne JB. Using dipyridamole-thallium imaging to reduce cardiac risk in aortic reconstruction. J Surg Res  60:422-428, 1996.

70.           Farnsworth PB, Steiner E, Klein RM, SanFilippo JA: The value of routine preoperative chest roentgenograms in infants and children. JAMA 244:582-583, 1980

71.           Fiser WP, Friday CD, Read RC: Changes in arterial oxygenation and pulmonary shunt during thoracotomy with endobronchial anesthesia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg  83:523-531, 1982

72.           Fleisher LA, Eagle KA, Shaffer T, Anderson GF: Perioperative and long-term mortality rates after major vascular surgery: the relationship to preoperative testing in the medicare population. Anesth Analg 89:849-855, 1999

73.           Fleisher LA, Rosenbaum SH, Nelson AH, Jain D, Wackers FJT, Zaret BL: Preoperative dipyridamole thallium imaging and ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring as a predictor of perioperative cardiac events and long-term outcome. Anesthesiology 83:906-917, 1995

74.           Fogh J, Wille-Jorgensen P, Brynjolf I, Thorup T, Jorgennsen T, Bording L, Kjaergaare J: The predictive value of preoperative perfusion-ventilation scintigraphy, spirometry, and x-ray of the lungs on postoperative pulmonary complications: a prospective study. Acta Anaesth Scand 31:717-721, 1987

75.           Forrest JB, Rehder K, Cahalan MK, Goldsmith CH: Multicenter study of general anesthesia. III. Predictors of severe perioperative adverse outcomes [published erratum appears in Anesthesiology 77:222, 1992] Anesthesiology 76:3-15, 1992

76.           Fox M, Courtney S, Wilkinson PA: Mortality and morbidity of prostatectomy. How far does preselection and pre-operative care influence the result? European Urology 20:277-281, 1991

77.           Galloway JA, Shuman CR: Profile, specific methods of management, and response of diabetic patients to anesthesia and surgery. Int Anesth Clin  5:437-466, 1967

78.           Garibaldi RA, Britt MR, Coleman ML, Reading JC, Pace NL: Risk factors for postoperative pneumonia. Am  J Med  70:677-680, 1981

79.           Gerson MC, Hurst JM, Hertzberg VS, Baughman R, Rouan GW, Ellis K: Prediction of cardiac and pulmonary complications related to elective abdominal and noncardiac thoracic surgery in geriatric patients. Am J Med 88:101-107, 1990

80.           Gold BD, Wolfersberger WH: Findings from routine urinalysis and hematocrit on ambulatory oral and maxillofacial surgery patients. J Oral Surg 38:677-678, 1980

81.           Gold BS, Young ML, Kinman JL, Kitz DS, Berlin J, Schwartz JS: The utility of preoperative electrocardiograms in the ambulatory surgical patient. Arch Internal Med 152:301-305, 1992

82.           Goldman L, Caldera DL, Southwick FS, Nussbaum SR, Murray B, O'Malley TA, Goroll AH, Caplan CH, Nolan J, Burke DS, Krogstad D, Carabello B, Slater EE: Cardiac risk factors and complications in non-cardiac surgery. Medicine 57:357-370, 1978

83.           Golub R, Cantu R, Sorrento JJ, Stein HD: Efficacy of preadmission testing in ambulatory surgical patients. Am J Surgery 163:565-570, 1992

84.           Greaves SC, Rutherford JD, Aranki SF, Cohn LH, Couper GS, Adams DH, Rizzo RJ, Collins JJ, Antman EM: Current incidence and determinants of perioperative myocardial infarction in coronary artery surgery. Am Heart J  132:572-578, 1996

85.           Gupta SD, Gibbons FJ, Sen I: Routine chest radiography in the elderly. Age Ageing 14:11-14, 1985

86.           Hackmann T, Steward DJ, Sheps SB: Anemia in pediatric day-surgery patients: prevalence and detection. Anesthesiology 75:27-31, 1991

87.           Hannon VM, Cunningham AJ, Hutchinson M, McNicholas W: Aspiration pneumonia and coma--an unusual presentation of dystrophic myotonia. Can Anaesth Soc J 33:803-806, 1986

88.           Harris EJ: Usefulness of preoperative testing in pediatric podiatric surgery. Does it influence clinical decisions? Clin Podiatric Med Surg 14:149-178, 1997

89.           Hatcher CRJ, King SB3, Kaplan JA: Surgical management of unstable angina. World J Surg 2:689-697, 1978

90.           Haug RH, Reifeis RL: A prospective evaluation of the value of preoperative laboratory testing for office anesthesia and sedation. J Oral Maxillfac Surg 57:16-20, 1999

91.           Hirsch IA, Tomlinson DL, Slogoff S, Keats AS: The overstated risk of preoperative hypokalemia. Anesth Analg  67:131-136, 1988

92.           Hogue CW, Goodnough LT, Monk TG: Perioperative myocardial ischemic episodes are related to hematocrit level in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Transfusion 38:924-931, 1998

93.           Horlocker TT, Wedel DJ, Offord KP: Does preoperative antiplatelet therapy increase the risk of hemorrhagic complications associated with regional anesthesia? Anesth Analg  70:631-634, 1990

94.           Houry S, Georgeac C, Hay JM, Fingerhut A, Boudet MJ: A prospective multicenter evaluation of preoperative hemostatic screening tests. Am J Surg 170:19-23, 1995

95.           Hovagim AR, Vitkum SA, Manacke GR, Reiner R: Arterial oxygen desaturation in adult dental patients receiving conscious sedation. J Oral Maxill ac Surg 47:936-939, 1989

96.           Howells RC, Wax MK, Ramadan HH: Value of preoperative prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time as a predictor of postoperative hemorrhage in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 117:628-632, 1997

97.           Hubbert CH, Adams JG: Anesthetic management of patients with epidermolysis bullosa. South Med J 70:1375-1377, 1977

98.           Ishaq M, Kamal RS, Aqil M: Value of routine pre-operative chest X-ray in patients over the age of 40 years. J Pak Med Assoc 47:279-281, 1997

99.           Jacob B, Amoateng-Adjepong Y, Rasakulasuriar S, Manthaus CA, Haddad R: Preoperative pulmonary function tests do not predict outcome after coronary artery bypass. Conn Med 61:327-332, 1997

100.        Jastak JT, Peskin RM: Major morbidity or mortality from office anesthetic procedures: a closed-claim analysis of 13 cases. Anesth Prog  38:39-44, 1991

101.        Johnson H, Knee-Ioli S, Butler TA, Munoz E, Wise L: Are routine preoperative laboratory screening tests necessary to evaluate ambulatory surgical patients. Surgery 104:639-645, 1988

102.        Jones MW, Harvey IA, Owen R: Do children need routine preoperative blood tests and blood cross matching in orthopaedic practice? Ann Royal Coll Surg Eng 71:1-3, 1989

103.        Kahn RL, Hargett MJ, Urquhart B, Sharrock NE, Peterson MG: Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias during total joint arthroplasty. Incidence and risk. Clin Orthopaed Rel Res 265-269, 1993

104.        Kaplan EB, Sheiner LB, Boeckmann AJ, Roizen MF, Beal SL, Cohen SN, Nicoll CD: The usefulness of preoperative laboratory screening. JAMA 253:3576-3581, 1985

105.        Keating EM, Meding JB, Faris PM, Ritter MA: Predictors of transfusion risk in elective knee surgery. Clin Orthop 357:50-59, 1998

106.        Kelsey M: Ophthalmic medications, glaucoma, and the surgical patient. J Post-Anesth Nursing 7:312-316, 1992

107.        Keyl C, Tassani P, Kemkes B, Markewitz A, Hoffman E, Steinbeck G: Hemodynamic changes due to intraoperative testing of the automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator: implications for anesthesia management. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 7:442-447, 1993

108.        Kharasch ED, Bowdle TA: Hypokalemia before induction of anesthesia and prevention by beta 2 adrenoceptor antagonism. Anesth Analg 72:216-220, 1991

109.        Kispert JF, Kazmers A, Roitman L: Preoperative spirometry predicts perioperative pulmonary complications after major vascular surgery. Am Surg 58:491-495, 1992

110.        Kitahata LM: Airway difficulties associated with anaesthesia in acromegaly. Three case reports. Br J Anaesth 43:1187-1190, 1971

111.        Kleinman B, Czinn E, Shah K, Sobotka PA, Rao TK: The value to the anesthesia-surgical care team of the preoperative cardiac consultation. J Cardiothorac Anesth  3:682-687, 1989

112.        Knight AA, Hollenberg M, London MJ, Tubau J, Verrier E, Browner W, Mangano DT: Perioperative myocardial ischemia: importance of the preoperative ischemic pattern. Anesthesiology 68:681-688, 1988

113.        Kocabas A, Kara K, Ozgur H, Sonmez H, Burgut R: Value of preoperative spirometry to predict postoperative pulmonary complications. Resp Med 90:25-33, 1996

114.        Korte W, Truttmann B, Heim C, Stangl U, Schmid L, Kreienbuhl G: Preoperative values of molecular coagulation markers identify patients at low risk for intraoperative haemostatic disorders and excessive blood loss. Clin Chem Lab Med 36:235-240, 1998

115.        Kozak EA, Brath LK: Do "screening" coagulation tests predict bleeding in patients undergoing fiberoptic bronchoscopy with biopsy? Chest 106:703-705, 1994

116.        Kraiss LW, Kilberg L, Critch S, Johansen KJ: Short-stay carotid endarterectomy is safe and cost-effective. Am J Surg 169:512-515, 1995

117.        Kroenke K, Lawrence VA, Theroux JF, Tuley MR, Hilsenbeck S: Postoperative complications after thoracic and major abdominal surgery in patients with and without obstructive lung disease. Chest 104:1445-1451, 1993

118.        Kurki TSO, Kataja M: Preoperative prediction of postoperative morbidity in coronary artery bypass grafting. Ann Thorac Surg 61:1740-1745, 1996

119.        Lai CS, Lin SD, Yang CC, Chou CK, Tsai CW: Tracheal deviation: an unusual complication of platysma myocutaneous flap. Kao-Hsiung I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Tsa Chih [Kaohsiung J Med Sciences] 9:118-121, 1993

120.        Landesberg G, Einav S, Christopherson R, Beattie C, Berlatzky Y, Rosenfeld B, Eidelman LA, Norris E, Anner H, Mosseri M, Cotev S, Luria MH: Perioperative ischemia and cardiac complications in major vascular surgery: importance of the preoperative twelve-lead electrocardiogram. J Vasc Surg 26:570-578, 1997

121.        Latimer RG, Dickman M, Day WC, Gunn ML, Schmidt CD: Ventilatory patterns and pulmonary complications after upper abdominal surgery determined by preoperative and postoperative computerized spirometry and blood gas analysis. Am J Surg 122:622-632, 1971

122.        Lavender RC, Salmon JS, Golden WE: Pseudothrombocytopenia in an elderly preoperative patient. Anesth Analg  69:396-397, 1989

123.        Lawrence VA, Dhanda R, Hilsenbeck SG, Page CP: Risk of pulmonary complications after elective abdominal surgery. Chest 110:744-750, 1996

124.        Leung JM, Hollenberg M, O'Kelly BF, Kao A, Mangano DT: Effects of steal-prone anatomy on intraoperative myocardial ischemia. The SPI Research Group. J Am Coll Cardiol  20:1205-1212, 1992

125.        Lewis JWJ, Serwin JP, Gabriel FS, Bastanfar M, Jacobsen G: The utility of a double-lumen tube for one-lung ventilation in a variety of noncardiac thoracic surgical procedures. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 6:705-710, 1992

126.        Liu S, Paul GE, Carpenter RL, Stephenson C, Wu R: Prolonged PR interval is a risk factor for bradycardia during spinal anesthesia. Reg Anesth 20:41-44, 1995

127.        Loder RE: Routine pre-operative chest radiography: 1977 compared with 1955 at Peterborough District General Hospital. Anaesthesia 33:972-974, 1978

128.        Lowe GD, Haverkate F, Thompson SG, Turner RM, Bertina RM, Turpie AG, Mannucci PM: Prediction of deep vein thrombosis after elective hip replacement surgery by preoperative clinical and haemostatic variables: the ECAT DVT Study. European Concerted Action on Thrombosis. Thromb Haemost 81:879-886, 1999

129.        Luebke NH, Walker JA: Discussion of sensitivity to preservatives in anesthetics. J Am Dental Assoc 97:656-657, 1978

130.        Luosto R, Ketonen P, Mattila S, Takkunen O, Eerola S: Local anaesthesia in carotid surgery. A prospective study of 111 endarterectomies in 100 patients. Scand J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 18:133-137, 1984

131.        Lutner RE, Roizen MF: The automated interview versus the personal interview. Do patient responses to preoperative health questions differ? Anesthesiology 75:394-400, 1991

132.        Maffei S, Baroni M, Terrazzi M, Paoli F, Ferrazzi P, Biagini A: Preoperative assessment of coronary artery disease in aortic stenosis: a dipyridamole echocardiographic study. Ann Thorac Surg 65:397-402, 1998

133.        Maki DD, Miller WT, Aronchick JM, Gefter WB, Miller WT, Kotloff RM, Tino G: Advanced emphysema: preoperative chest radiographic findings as predictors of outcome following lung volume reduction surgery. Radiology 212:49-55, 1999

134.        Malan MD, Crago RR: Anaesthetic considerations in idiopathic orthostatic hypotension and the Shy-Drager syndrome. Can Anaesth Soc J  26:322-327, 1979

135.        Manley S, de Kelaita G, Joseph NJ, Salem R, Heyman HJ: Preoperative pregnancy testing in ambulatory surgery. Anesthesiology 83:690-693, 1995

136.        Mantia AM, Brinkmeyer SD, D'Amico F, Ingram M, Ammon J, Canose J: An epidemiologic approach to predictors of elective coronary artery bypass mortality in a non-university hospital population. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 8:263-268, 1994

137.        Mariette D, Smadja C, Naveau S, Borgonovo G, Vons C, Franco C: Preoperative predictors of blood transfusion in liver resection for tumor. Am J Surg 173:275-279, 1997

138.        McClelland J, Furman EB: Anaesthetic management of pancreaticoduodenectomy in an infant. South Afr Med J 47:1880-1882, 1973

139.        McCully RB, Nishimura RA, Bailey KR, Schaff H, Danielson GK, Tajik AJ: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: preoperative echocardiographic predictors of outcome after septal myectomy. J Am Coll Cardiol 27:1491-1496, 1996

140.        McKee RF, Scott EM: The value of routine preoperative investigations. Ann Royal Col Surg Eng 69:160-162, 1987

141.        Mendelson DS, Khilnani N, Wagner LD, Rabinowitz JG: Preoperative chest radiography: value as a baseline examination for comparison. Radiology 165:341-343, 1987

142.        Meneghini L: The usefulness of routine preoperative laboratory tests for one-day surgery in healthy children. Paediatr Anaesth 8:11-15, 1998

143.        Merrick HW, Martin JT, Woldenberg LS, Driscoll PL: Massive intraoperative atelectasis secondary to untreated mediastinal Hodgkin's disease: report of the hazard and review of the literature. J Surg Oncol 41:60-64, 1989

144.        Messieh M: Preoperative risk factors associated with symptomatic pulmonary embolism after total knee arthroplasty. Orthopedics 22:1147-1149, 1999

145.        Michelson JD, Lotke PA, Steinberg ME: Urinary-bladder management after total joint-replacement surgery. N Eng J Med  319:321-326, 1988

146.        Mikawa K, Maekawa N, Goto R, Yaku H, Nishina K, Obara H: Use of prostaglandin E1 to treat peri-anaesthetic pulmonary hypertension associated with mitral valve disease. J Int Med Res 21:161-164, 1993

147.        Milledge JS, Nunn JF: Criteria of fitness for anaesthesia in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease. BMJ 3:670-673, 1975

148.        Monreal M, Lafoz E, Llamazares J, Roncales J, Roca J, Granero X: Preoperative platelet count and postoperative blood loss in patients undergoing hip surgery: an inverse correlation. Haemostasis 26:164-169, 1996

149.        Moorman RM, Reynolds DS, Comunale ME: Management of cardiopulmonary bypass in a patient with congenital factor XII deficiency. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 7:452-454, 1993

150.        Mudge BJ, Taylor PB, Vanderspek AF: Perioperative hazards in myotonic dystrophy. Anaesthesia 35:492-495, 1980

151.        Murdoch CJ, Murdoch DR, McIntyre P, Hoste H, Clark C: The pre-operative ECG in day surgery: a habit? Anaesthesia 54:907-908, 1999

152.        Muskett AD, McGreevy JM: Rational preoperative evaluation. Postgrad Med J 62:925-928, 1986

153.        Myers ER, Clarke-Pearson DL, Olt GJ, Soper JT, Berchuck A: Preoperative coagulation testing on a gynecologic oncology service. Obstet Gynecol 83:438-444, 1994

154.        Naef RW3, Chauhan SP, Chevalier SP, Roberts WE, Meydrech EF, Morrison JC: Prediction of hemorrhage at cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol  83:923-926, 1994

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